“Education is a natural process carried out by the child and is not acquired by listening to words, but by experience in the environment.”
An extraordinarily gifted person with scholarly excellence of Madame Curie and the compassionate soul of Mother Teresa, Maria Montessori was always ahead of her time. She became Italy’s first female doctor when she graduated in 1896. Her natural intellectual curiosity led to exploration of children’s mind and how they learn. She believed that the environment was a major nurturer in a child’s development.
Dr. Maria Montessori was a scientist, she was reality-bond and highly spiritual in her pursuit of truth. She studied medicine specializing in psychiatry and anthropology. She was also an outstanding mathematician. She focused on the universal characteristics of the human child-the child as a unique, respectable and admirable individual.
In the year 1907, Dr. Maria Montessori implemented a scientific method of education for nurturing young children. In her research, she made some crucial observations :
Every child as an individual has his or her own unique capabilities and pace of learning. Children are keen to explore new things and master new skills.
* Children must be provided with right stimulation through sensory and aesthetic equipments supplemented with proper ambience.
* They should have the freedom for exploring things on their own. This, in turn, ensures amazing overall development to achieve his full potential.
* Children need to be provided with freedom of choice of materials and freedom of movement in the classroom.
Montessori education encompasses these findings to assist children by providing them growth through carefully designed activities. Participation in such activities allows children to develop their potentials and capabilities as there are no limits and boundaries for children to perform.